The city of Erbil, the capital of the Kurdistan Region, is almost becoming the city of roses, producing millions of seedlings of roses and seasonal and permanent flowers annually, as well as thousands of trees and shrubs that give the city a unique natural beauty, attracting tourists and those looking for rest and recreation.
Since the beginning of 2017, the city has witnessed and is still planting more than 500,000 roses and flowers in its gardens and streets. In addition, in March, which the Kurds celebrate annually on the occasion of the Nowruz and Kurdish New Year holidays, witnessed the planting of about 75,000 trees and shrubs, while continuing The Directorate of Garden Engineering in Erbil grows thousands of seedlings daily, with hundreds of workers, employees and agronomists participating in the process.
The agricultural sector in Erbil is considered one of the vital and strategic sectors, due to its favorable climate and soil and abundance of water resources.
The human resources are available, the soil is fertile, and the surface and ground waters are available all year round in the region, which provides a diversity of agricultural crops.
Peace Gate for Development Organization (PGDO) is planning to establish “Erbil breathes” project by planting trees in the city of Erbil and its suburbs, the project will increase the green space in Erbil, and the importance of trees can be mentioned as follows:
-Trees make life nicer. It has been shown that spending time among trees and green spaces reduces the amount of stress that we carry around with us in our daily lives.
-Hospital patients have been shown to recover from surgery more quickly when their hospital room offered a view of trees.
-Children have been shown to retain more of the information taught in schools if they spend some of their time outdoors in green spaces.
-Trees are often planted as living memorials or reminders of loved ones or to commemorate significant events in our lives.
-Even though you may own the trees on your property your neighbors may benefit from them as well.
-Through careful planning trees can be an asset to your entire community.
-Tree-lined streets have a traffic calming effect, traffic moves more slowly and safely.
-Trees can be placed to screen unwanted views or noise from busy highways.
-Trees can complement the architecture or design of buildings or entire neighborhoods.
-Trees offer many environmental benefits.
-Trees reduce the urban heat island effect through evaporative cooling and reducing the amount of sunlight that reaches parking lots and buildings. This is especially true in areas with large impervious surfaces, such as parking lots of stores and industrial complexes.
-Trees improve our air quality by filtering harmful dust and pollutants such as ozone, carbon monoxide, and sulfur dioxide from the air we breathe.
-Trees give off oxygen that we need to breathe.
-Trees reduce the amount of storm water runoff, which reduces erosion and pollution in our waterways and may reduce the effects of flooding.
-Many species of wildlife depend on trees for habitat. Trees provide food, protection, and homes for many birds and mammals.
-Well-placed trees can reduce your cooling costs in the summer by shading the south and west sides of your home. If deciduous trees are used, they will allow the sun to pass through and warm your home in the winter.
-Evergreen trees on the north side of your home and shrubs around the foundation of your home can act as a windbreak to reduce the cooling effects of winter winds.
-The value of a well landscaped home with mature healthy trees can be as much as 10% higher than a similar home with no or little landscaping.
-Some indirect economic benefits of trees are that if we reduce the energy we use then utility companies will have less demand placed on the infrastructure, thus reducing operating costs which can be passed on to the consumer.
“Plant a tree and protect your Environment”